Privacy High Court Tracker

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The CCG Privacy High Court Tracker is a resource consisting of decisions on the constitutional right to privacy passed by all High Courts in India. The Privacy High Court Tracker captures cases post the pronouncement of the Justice (Retd.) K.S. Puttaswamy vs. Union of India (Puttaswamy) judgment. In Puttaswamy, the Supreme Court of India reaffirmed the existence of the right to privacy in India’s Constitution as a fundamental right. 

The Privacy High Court Tracker is a tool to enable lawyers, judges, policymakers, legislators, civil society organisations, academic and policy researchers and other relevant stakeholders, to engage with, understand and analyse the evolving privacy law and jurisprudence across India. The cases deal with the following aspects of privacy (1) autonomy, (2) bodily integrity, (3) data protection, (4) dignity, (5) informational privacy, (6) phone tapping, (7) press freedom, (8) right to know and access information, and (9) surveillance, search and seizure. 

The tracker currently only consists of cases reported on Manupatra, and those reported upto 15 December 2023 (CCG will continue to update the tracker periodically). Only final judgements are included in the tracker, and not interim orders of the High Courts. 

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Manipur High Court

Maisnam Korouhanba Luwang v. State of Manipur

Surveillance, Search and Seizure || Manipur High Court

1 Judge

Case Details

Decision Date - 05.06.2023
Citation - 2023 SCC OnLine Mani 175
Case Type - Criminal Misc. Petition
Case Status - Disposed
Legal Provision - S. 173, 482 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973; S. 17, 20 of the Unlawful Activities (prevention) Act, 1967; Article 21 of the Constitution of India, 1950
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Important Quote

"This Court is conscious of the fact that the offences under UA(P) Act are serious one relating to the security of the nation and FIR cannot be quashed on mere technicalities without going to the complete merit of the case. [...] This direction is issued keeping in mind the settled principles of law of maintaining the intricate balance between the fundamental right to live with dignity of a citizen vis-à-vis the affairs of security of the State. It may be pertinent to observe here that Court ought not to pass any sort of order which may restrict the power of police in maintaining the law and order of the State, except for protecting the basic right of a citizen."

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Particularly in cases involving national security, the right to privacy of the individual must be balanced with the powers of police to maintain law and order. Since the instant case involved charges filed under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, the court did not quash the FIR, but instead directed the relevant authorities to complete the investigation and submit the report within six months.

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The Privacy High Court Tracker has been developed using judgements pulled from the Manupatra case law database. Through its search function, CCG identified cases that relied upon the Puttaswamy judgment and were pertaining to the right to privacy, and filtered them by each of the 25 High Courts in India. These were then further examined to identify those cases whose decisions concerned a core aspect of privacy. CCG identified the following aspects of privacy (1) autonomy, (2) bodily integrity, (3) data protection, (4) dignity, (5) informational privacy, (6) phone tapping, (7) press freedom, (8) right to know and access information, and (9) surveillance, search and seizure. Cases where only incidental or passing observations or references were made to Puttaswamy and the right to privacy were not included in the tracker. The selected cases were then compiled into the database per High Court, with several details highlighted for ease of reference. These details consist of case name, decision date, case citation and number, case status, legal provisions involved, and bench strength. The tracker also includes select quotes concerning the right to privacy from each case, to assist users to more easily and quickly grasp the crux of the case. 

For ease of access to the text of the judgments, each case on our tracker is linked to the Indian Kanoon version of the judgment (wherever available) or an alternative open-access version of the judgment text.

We welcome your feedback. In addition, you may write to us at - ccg@nludelhi.ac.in with the details of any privacy case we may not have included from any High Court in India.