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Privacy High Court Tracker

Open Spreadsheet

The CCG Privacy High Court Tracker is a resource consisting of decisions on the constitutional right to privacy passed by all High Courts in India. The Privacy High Court Tracker captures cases post the pronouncement of the Justice (Retd.) K.S. Puttaswamy vs. Union of India (Puttaswamy) judgment. In Puttaswamy, the Supreme Court of India reaffirmed the existence of the right to privacy in India’s Constitution as a fundamental right. 

The Privacy High Court Tracker is a tool to enable lawyers, judges, policymakers, legislators, civil society organisations, academic and policy researchers and other relevant stakeholders, to engage with, understand and analyse the evolving privacy law and jurisprudence across India. The cases deal with the following aspects of privacy (1) autonomy, (2) bodily integrity, (3) data protection, (4) dignity, (5) informational privacy, (6) phone tapping, (7) press freedom, (8) right to know and access information, and (9) surveillance, search and seizure. 

The tracker currently only consists of cases reported on Manupatra, and those reported upto 15 September 2022 (CCG will continue to update the tracker periodically). Only final judgements are included in the tracker, and not interim orders of the High Courts. 

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Rajasthan High Court (Jodhpur Bench)

Vinod Sharma vs. Shanti Devi and Ors.

Autonomy || Rajasthan High Court (Jodhpur Bench)

1 Judge

Case Details

Decision date - 21.02.2022
Case Citation - MANU/RH/0354/2022
Case Type - Writ Petition (Civil)
Case Status - Disposed
Legal Provisions - S. 5, S. 23 of the Maintenance And Welfare Of Parents And Senior Citizens Act, 2007
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Important Quote

"It is pertinent that the duty prescribed under sub-rule (2) is only to ensure that life and property of the senior citizens are protected. The same cannot be stretched to such an extent that it translates into a power to scoop out the children who have been living in shared accommodation out of natural bonding which at some point of time existed. Rule 20, if read in its entirety with its innate intention, gives a clear indication that being a piece of welfare legislation, it adjures the administration (District Magistrate) to avert threat of life and property of the senior citizens, should any such eventuality arise."

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Notes

As per the Rajasthan Maintenance of Parents and Senior Citizens Rules, 2010, it shall be the duty of the District Magistrate to ensure that life and property of senior citizens of the district are protected and they are able to live with security and dignity. However, the duty of the Magistrate is not to the extent of ordering eviction of the children of elderly parents from their homes, even if it is with the view of providing security to the parents.

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Methodology

The Privacy High Court Tracker has been developed using judgements pulled from the Manupatra case law database. Through its search function, CCG identified cases that relied upon the Puttaswamy judgment and were pertaining to the right to privacy, and filtered them by each of the 25 High Courts in India. These were then further examined to identify those cases whose decisions concerned a core aspect of privacy. CCG identified the following aspects of privacy (1) autonomy, (2) bodily integrity, (3) data protection, (4) dignity, (5) informational privacy, (6) phone tapping, (7) press freedom, (8) right to know and access information, and (9) surveillance, search and seizure. Cases where only incidental or passing observations or references were made to Puttaswamy and the right to privacy were not included in the tracker. The selected cases were then compiled into the database per High Court, with several details highlighted for ease of reference. These details consist of case name, decision date, case citation and number, case status, legal provisions involved, and bench strength. The tracker also includes select quotes concerning the right to privacy from each case, to assist users to more easily and quickly grasp the crux of the case. 

For ease of access to the text of the judgments, each case on our tracker is linked to the Indian Kanoon version of the judgment (wherever available) or an alternative open-access version of the judgment text.

We welcome your feedback. In addition, you may write to us at - ccg@nludelhi.ac.in with the details of any privacy case we may not have included from any High Court in India.